Helpful summary.

The creation of markets reminds me of Tim O'Reilly's article on Government as a Platform, in which he asks "What if, instead of a vending machine, we thought of government as the man- ager of a marketplace?" Though O'Reilly's argument is not exclusively about data, it applies to it.

A point I don't see discussed is the place of public research institutions, e.g. universities, government labs. They appear to sit somewhere at the connection point between the national interest and industrial interests. For a non-nationalized big tech industry, the publicly funded and publicly run universities are a means for indirect influence and governance. Curious what that relation is looking like in China and how it enters the national data strategy.

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Lilian, this is a very interesting writeup. I'd be interested in your thoughts on the Solid project (https://solidproject.org/). If you haven't heard of it the exec summary is that it allows for you to store your own data in a "pod". You take your pod from service to service which uses the data you choose to provide and (should) return any generated data to your pod.

My take on it is that it has a nice intent but will not take off in the US since returning generated data removes a lot of service lock in for applications. After reading your article I wonder if a more favorable environment for this would be China. The Chinese government has the ability to regulate the usage of data and close the loop on returning the data. This project would also be a standard to fulfill the overall policy desired of unified standards for transfer and clear data ownership.

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Relevant US patent on "Information Banking" held by Bank of America: https://patents.google.com/patent/US20090157560A1

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